Looking back at the history of Porsche 911 – 3rd generation Review

Looking back at the history of Porsche 911 - 3rd generation

In late 1989, the 911 underwent a major turning point with the introduction of the third generation – 964. With technology inherited from the powerful flagship Porsche 959 supercar, the 964 carries a great responsibility when it comes to Following in the footsteps of the two previous generations of seniors and must take on the task of strengthening the company’s image when the global economy is experiencing an economic recession. 964 came out while there was a lot of doubts Porsche would stop producing the 911, now the Stuttgart automaker was producing 944 and was planning the next 968. But Porsche continued the 911 and with a lot of upgrades compared to the previous two generations, 85% of the new details and almost no reuse of the structure of the old 911. During their lifetime, a total of nearly 64,000 964 units were sold (according to Wikipedia), and many fans believe that the 964 is the most beautiful 911 from Porsche.

New innovations include all-wheel drive from the Porsche 959, the rear wing itself lifts at speeds above 80 km / h, so it retains its familiar look when parked or at low speeds. . The chassis has been completely redesigned, new shock absorbers, ABS brakes and power steering also appeared for the first time on the 911 in general and 964 in particular. The front bumper and the fog lights are unified by Porsche to optimize the vehicle’s aerodynamic performance. The 964 was among the first in the world to feature two standard passenger airbags since 1991, and the first, more surprisingly, was the 944 Turbo, still another brother from home. Porsche.

The engine is still a 3.6-liter air-cooled 6-cylinder boxer machine with a maximum capacity of about 250 horsepower combined with a Tiptronic gearbox, helping the car to reach a top speed of about 260 km / h. More specifically, in addition to the 4-wheel drive with the name Carrera 4, the rear-wheel-drive version Carrera 2 appeared a year later, enriching the choices for each customer. The two variants Carrera 4 and Carrera 2 are produced by Porsche in three familiar versions, the Coupe, Targa and Cabriolet.

+ 964 Turbo & Turbo S

The original 1990 Turbo used an old 3.3-liter engine but was upgraded to a 3.6-liter for 360-horsepower in 1993, because Porsche didn’t have time to develop a turbo version of a 3.6-liter engine. had to use the 930’s 3.3-liter turbo again at the beginning. Later in 1992, there were 86 more 964 Turbo S produced by Porsche with a 3.3-liter engine with a capacity of 381 hp, with many upgrades in the engine part compared to the standard Turbo.

The 964 Turbo S was launched in 1993 using a 3.6-liter engine equipped with a KKK K27 turbo for a maximum capacity of 360 hp at 5,500 rpm, torque of 520 N / m at 4,200 rpm / min. minute. Porsche produced under 1,500 Turbo Ss between 93 and 94, making it a ‘rare commodity’ for collectors as well. Amateurs Will Smith also appeared with a 94-life 964 Turbo in the famous film Bad Boys first debuted in 1995.

When the 964 series stopped production in 1994, there were about 90 chassis of the Turbo series left at the Porsche factory. All of those chassis were utilized by Porsche to make two special Turbo S 3.6 versions. One with the traditional 964 Turbo S bodywork and the other with a ‘flat nose’ 964 Turbo S. The first part of the ‘flat nose’ version follows the front part of the Porsche 968, and a bit of the 930 Turbo S for the Japanese market. Porsche builds about 39 units for the US market, 10 for the Japanese market and 27 for the remaining markets.

1994 Porsche 964 Turbo 3.6 ‘flat nose’ Flachbau (bonhams.com)

+ Turbo S LM-GT

Porsche developed a version of the Turbo S Lemans GT (or Turbo S LM-GT) with the aim of competing for speed in 1993. Based on the commercial 964 Turbo S, Porsche bluntly omits details that are not needed. set up and upgrade the car to match the track. Turbo S LM-GT is equipped with a spoiler below the front bumper, two air vents on both sides of the rear wheel cavity, a revised rear spoiler added to the original Turbo’s wing, wide-format wheels, additional roll-cage minimalist interior to minimize weight. The engine is not based on the original car, but a 3.2-liter twin-turbo that produces 475 hp. The car achieved certain successes such as:

  • Final win – 7th place final at 12 Hours of Sebring 1993
  • 2nd place final at 12 Hours of Daytona 1994
  • Win 4 stages at BPR Global Series system
1993 Porsche 964 Turbo S LM-GT (tech-racingcars.wikidot.com)

Experience from racing with the Turbo S LM-GT was the premise that helped Porsche create the famous high-performance 911 GT2 (993) in 1995, further asserting Porsche’s position in the sports car market. .

+ Carrera RS

Porsche released a limited edition Carrera RS on the basis of its ‘Carrera Cup’ racing version in 1992, in honor of the 1973 Carrera RS. The rear-wheel-drive, ultralight version is only It meets European emissions standards, so US customers have no way of reaching this particular model.

Still using the same standard 964 engine, but there are some upgrades that increase the capacity to 260 hp from 250 hp in the standard version. The car is on a ‘diet’ diet by Porsche when all the basic and luxury equipment of a 911 are removed, lightweight wheels and thinner glass doors make the car about 156 kg lighter than the Carrera 2. The above upgrades help the car can accelerate from 0-100km / h in about 4.6s and reach a maximum speed of about 253 km / h.

There is also an extremely limited Carrera RS 3.8 version, which uses the same body as the Turbo with 300 hp and only sold in Europe. In total, Porsche produced only 55 models of the 3.8 Carrera RS, 52 with the left handlebar and the other three with the right handlebar. Recently, a 964 Carrera RS 3.8 successfully sold for an unbelievable $ 1,655,000 at the Sotheby’s Amelia Island auction held in March 2018.

‘Rare goods’ Porsche 964 Carrera RS 3.8 (total911.com)

However, before the call from customers in the flag country, in 1993, Porsche made about 701 RS for this market, also known as RS America. RS America is based on the Carrera 2 for the US market and customers have a choice of a number of Porsche colors available, many of which are painted in striking Speed ​​Yellow yellow. Many details are ‘trimmed’ by Porsche to streamline the weight, plus the car has a recognizable ‘whale’ tail, 17-inch wheels, ‘RS America’ logo on the rear trunk, ‘RS’ logo immediately The bottom two doors are just one of the few recognizable details of this version.

1993 Porsche 911 RS America in Speed ​​Yellow (supercars.net)

+ 30 Jahre 911 “Jubilee”

1993 Porsche 911 Jubilee (30 Jahre 911) (germancarsforsaleblog.com)

Celebrating the 30th anniversary of the first 911, Porsche limited the 911 964 special edition 30 Jahre 911 “Jubilee” in 1993, although there are reports that Porsche only makes 896 units. Anyway, the 30 Jahre 911 “Jubilee” is a unique combination of the body of the Coupe, the steering system of the Carrera 4 and the 17-inch wheels from the Turbo and some special details to express the value. of the car. It is quite strange that the car is only Porsche for the European market but not for the US market. Most of them are sold in the homeland of Germany. These days a special edition 964 can be sold for around $ 140,000 in good condition.

Rear part of 30 Jahre 911 “Jubilee” with distinctive 911 logo (germancarsforsaleblog.com)

Refer to Wikipedia, Topgear, Supercars.net, Total911

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